As International Youth Day is approaching, we have narrowed down youth-related schemes and programs imitated by the Indian Government to empower the youth.
The United Nations celebrates International Youth Day on August 12 every year.
The purpose of the day is straightforward. To draw people’s attention towards the fact that the younger generation is confident, dynamic, innovative, and high-spirited. The day also recognizes the problems and challenges ravaged by the youth.
No country has a more young population than India. The National Youth Policy (NYP) 2014 defines ‘Youth’ as the age bracket of 15-29 years.
Half of our population is under the age of 25. Two-thirds are less than the age of 35.
Look at the bright side. More the younger inhabitants, the higher are the opportunities lying ahead of us. But our country cannot move ahead unless the older peers guide the youth in the right direction and employ their skills effectively. And to bring the youths to the forefront of national development, the Indian Government is opening doors to provide new opportunities to them.
Here are seven schemes launched by the Indian Government to make India’s youth more productive and skillful
- Skill India Mission
The Government considers skill development as the nation’s topmost priority. Launched in 2015, the National Skill Development Mission focuses on training youth to acquire different skills set.
It will generate opportunities, scope, and space for the development of expertise of the Indian youth.
The scheme aims to provide training, support, and guidance in such a way so that they could be employed.
Emphasis will be on language and communication skills, personality development, management skills, thinking abilities, behavioral skills, etc.
As per the Government, the program will be considered a valuable addition to the existing skill sets. At the end of the completion of a particular training program, proper certificates will be issued.
- Make in India
India is one of the few countries with a large section of its youth in the working-age group, massive workforce.
To increase the employment opportunities, the Indian Government started the Make in India campaign in 2014.
The primary aim is to stimulate investment, facilitate innovation, and improve skills development. Numerous job opportunities will be created for youths in infrastructure, manufacturing, and service sectors.
While launching the scheme, PM Narendra Modi asserted, “The young people’s energy, enthusiasm, and enterprise are India’s greatest strength.” He further added that to channelize these, sustainable growth options would be provided.
- Digital India
The policymakers are now recognizing the role of technology in empowering younger groups. They believe that the potential of young people combined with the power of technology can transform India massively.
Launching the Digital India program in 2015, the Government aims to proceed towards mobile governance, and deliver services through mobile phones and the Internet.
Various connectivity plans will link villages and remote areas to all the departments of the Government. The scheme also offers internet connectivity to students, online applying for government scholarships, employment opportunities, training, and research-based projects, etc.
The online mode of education will help youngsters to discuss and exchange ideas and innovative solutions. To gain practical experience, various internships are also provided.
- Start-Up India
Start-ups are becoming very common in India. Even the leaders think that to improve the employability, start-ups and entrepreneurship are the best options.
Keeping this mind, the Indian Government initiated its high-spirited scheme to build an eco-system to channelize the potential of youth. The Start-Up India program of 2016 aims to support innovation and encourage self-employment opportunities.
The scheme offers many advantages to the citizens who want to begin their start-up companies. Benefits include reducing the cost of filing patents, a tax saving for investors, relaxed norms for public procurement, etc.
- Fit India Movement
The National Mental Health Survey of India2018 evaluates the prevalence of mental disorders in the age group of 18-29 years is at 7.39%. The Government is acknowledging the need to take care of the spiritual and physical health of all, especially the youths.
In the wake of this, the Government launched a countrywide campaign known as the Fit India movement. Encouraging to adopt physical activities and sports in daily life, the campaign encourages citizens to remain healthy.
Many schools and higher educational institutes are observing Fit India campaign. Various activities are conducted to indulge the youth or students in active field time.
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
The world is swiftly moving towards newer technologies. And to make pace with it, the countries realize the importance of skill development.
The Indian Government promised the abundance of skilled labor through Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
The objective is to promote Indian youth to practice industry-relevant skill training for a better livelihood. Various skill development centers are set up across the country. They offer special projects, short term training, employment fairs ‘Rozgar Mela’, placement mentorship, and monitoring guidelines.
- Entrepreneurship Development Programme (EDP)
Entrepreneurs can help with innovation and improved products and services. They boost employment and economic growth. These are the key reasons why entrepreneurship skills are promoted among young people.
Entrepreneurship Development Programme (EDP), under the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), will develop entrepreneurial skills and knowledge among youth.
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This project aims to provide learning of various managerial and operational functions like finance, enterprise management, production, bookkeeping, marketing, banking formalities, etc. It also arranges interaction with successful entrepreneurs and orientation events.
PM Narendra Modi spoke about the growing phenomenon of entrepreneurship in India. He said, “Today’s youth wants to be job creators and not just job seekers. They want someone to believe in them. Today, we have three lakh youth common service centers in the country.”