Lord Shiva or Mahadeva is one of the Hindu Deities. The many attributes that he is famous for are the third eye or for the Crescent moon that he bears on his head and his blue throat.
The many forms of Lord shiva are,
- Nataraja (A dancing form of Shiva),
- Rudra (Enraged form of Shiva) and
- Dhakshinamoorthy (Yoga form of Shiva).
Nataraja here is worshipped in a human figure format. Elsewhere he is idolized in Linga form.
Auspiciously Lord Shiva is also celebrated in various forms in varied festivals all over India.
Such as Aani Uthiram, Uma Maheshwar Vrata, Karthik Poornima, Bhairava Ashtami, and Arudra Darshanam. Maha Shivratri is one of them. Maha Shivaratri is a festival that Hindus celebrate annually to honor Lord Shiva, which is related to how in the night when Shiva performs the heavenly dance.
Over such great significance, Lord shiva has now stepped into the grounds of CERN.
CERN is The European Organization for Nuclear Research, which operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world (Established in 1954). CERN is a multicultural organization that welcomes scientists and or Physicists over 100 countries.
On 18th June 2004, a 2 meters tall Statue was disclosed at CERN. Statue of Lord Shiva in his Dancing Form i.e., The Nataraja. Which was a gift from India to CERN in celebration of India being one of CERN’s associate member states, which started in the 1960s and remains today as well?
The statue at CERN was made in India. Using Liquid metal, which was poured into a soil mold built around a melted wax model. And when the metal cooled and hardened, it was polished and given a more antique appearance before being shipped to Switzerland.
The Gist behind the Statue and subatomic particles:
Lord Shiva practiced Nataraj dance, which symbolizes Shakti, or life force according to Hindu Religion. The Indian government chose this deity in the form of a statue because of a metaphor that was drawn between the cosmic dance of the Nataraj and the studies made of the ‘cosmic dance’ of subatomic particles.
The statue captures Shiva performing the Tandava, Symbolises interplay of dynamic & static flow of eternal energy: a dance believed to be the source of the cycle of Creation, Preservation, Destruction, illusion & Emancipation. The dance exists in five forms which shows the cosmic cycle from its making to its breaking:
‘Srishti’ – creation, evolution
‘Sthiti’ – preservation, support
‘Samhara’ – destruction, evolution
‘Tirobhava’ – illusion
‘Anugraha’ – release, emancipation, grace
The plaque next to the statue explains its significance. Printed are the words of a world-renowned physicist, Fritjof Capra’s quote: “Hundreds of years ago, Indian artists created visual images of dancing Shivas in a beautiful series of bronzes. In our time, physicists have used the most advanced technology to portray the patterns of the cosmic dance. The metaphor of the cosmic dance, thus unifies ancient mythology, religious art, and modern physics.”
He further explained in The Tao of Physics that “The Dance of Shiva symbolizes the basis of all existence. Shiva also reminds us that the complex forms in the world are not fundamental, but deceptive and ever-changing. Modern physics has shown that the rhythm of creation and destruction is not only manifest in the turn of the seasons and the life and death of all living creatures, but is also the very essence of inorganic matter.”
Nataraja is supposed to be a depiction of God Shiva as a Cosmic Dancer, according to Hinduism. He is also known to have danced the universe into existence, preserving it and will also one day destroy it, which is a symbol of Shakti, or life force.